Job Safety Analysis (JSA)
Job Safety Analysis (JSA) is a method that can be used to identify, analyze and record:
- The steps involved in performing a specific job.
- The existing or potential safety and health hazards associated with each step.
- The recommended action(s)/procedure(s) that will eliminate or reduce these hazards and the risk of a workplace injury or illness.
The following hazards should be considered when completing a JSA:
- The existing or potential safety and health hazards associated with each step
- Impact with a falling or flying object
- Penetration of sharp objects
- Caught in or between a stationary/moving object
- Falls from an elevated work platform, ladders or stairs
- Excessive lifting, twisting, pushing, pulling, reaching, or bending
- Exposure to vibrating power tools, excessive noise, cold or heat, or harmful levels of gases, vapors, liquids, fumes, or dusts
- Repetitive motion
- Electrical hazard
- Light (optical) radiation (i.e., welding operations, laser surveying, etc.)
- Water (potential for drowning or fungal infections caused by wetness)
Conducting the Analysis
- Select jobs with the highest risk for a workplace injury or illness.
- Select an experienced employee who is willing to be observed. Involve the employee and his/her immediate supervisor in the process.
- Identify and record each step necessary to accomplish the task. Use an action verb (i.e. pick up, turn on) to describe each step.
- Identify all actual or potential safety and health hazards associated with each task.
- Determine and record the recommended action(s) or procedure(s) for performing each step that will eliminate or reduce the hazard (i.e. engineering changes, job rotation, PPE, etc.).